74.13
19 Texas Administrative Code § 74.13. Endorsements.

(a)  A student shall specify in writing an endorsement the student intends to earn upon entering Grade 9.

(b)  A district shall permit a student to enroll in courses under more than one endorsement before the student's junior year and to choose, at any time, to earn an endorsement other than the endorsement the student previously indicated. This section does not entitle a student to remain enrolled to earn more than 26 credits.

(c)  A student must earn at least 26 credits to earn an endorsement.

(d)  A school district may define advanced courses and determine a coherent sequence of courses for an endorsement area, provided that prerequisites in Chapters 110-118, 126, 127, and 130 of this title are followed.

(e)  To earn an endorsement a student must demonstrate proficiency in the following.
(1)  The curriculum requirements for the Foundation High School Program as defined by §74.12 of this title (relating to Foundation High School Program).
(2)  A fourth credit in mathematics that may be selected from one full credit or a combination of two half credits from two different courses, subject to prerequisite requirements, from the following courses:
(A)  Algebra II;
(B)  Precalculus;
(C)  Advanced Quantitative Reasoning;
(D)  Independent Study in Mathematics;
(E)  Discrete Mathematics for Problem Solving;
(F)  Algebraic Reasoning;
(G)  Statistics;
(H)  an Advanced Placement (AP) or International Baccaulareate (IB) mathematics course in accordance with §74.11(h) of this title (relating to High School Graduation Requirements);
(I)  AP Computer Science;
(J)  Engineering Mathematics;
(K)  Statistics and Risk Management;
(L)  Discrete Mathematics for Computer Science;
(M)  pursuant to the Texas Education Code (TEC), §28.025(b-5), after the successful completion of Algebra II, a mathematics course endorsed by an institution of higher education as a course for which the institution would award course credit or as a prerequisite for a course for which the institution would award course credit. The Texas Education Agency (TEA) shall maintain a current list of courses offered under this subparagraph; and
(N)  after the successful completion of Algebra I and Geometry, a locally developed mathematics course or other activity, including an apprenticeship or training hours needed to obtain an industry-recognized credential or certificate that is developed pursuant to the TEC, §28.002(g-1).
(3)  A student may complete a course listed in paragraph (2) of this subsection before or after completing a course listed in §74.12(b)(2)(A) of this title.
(4)  The fourth mathematics credit may be a college preparatory mathematics course that is developed and offered pursuant to the TEC, §28.014.
(5)  An additional credit in science that may be selected from one full credit or a combination of two half credits from two different courses, subject to prerequisite requirements, from the following courses:
(A)  Chemistry;
(B)  Physics;
(C)  Aquatic Science;
(D)  Astronomy;
(E)  Earth and Space Science;
(F)  Environmental Systems;
(G)  an AP or IB science course in accordance with §74.11(h) of this title;
(H)  Advanced Animal Science;
(I)  Advanced Plant and Soil Science;
(J)  Anatomy and Physiology;
(K)  Medical Microbiology;
(L)  Pathophysiology;
(M)  Food Science;
(N)  Forensic Science;
(O)  Advanced Biotechnology;
(P)  Principles of Technology;
(Q)  Scientific Research and Design;
(R)  Engineering Design and Problem Solving;
(S)  Principles of Engineering;
(T)  pursuant to the TEC, §28.025(b-5), after the successful completion of physics, a science course endorsed by an institution of higher education as a course for which the institution would award course credit or as a prerequisite for a course for which the institution would award course credit. The TEA shall maintain a current list of courses offered under this subparagraph;
(U)  a locally developed science course or other activity, including an apprenticeship or training hours needed to obtain an industry-recognized credential or certificate that is developed pursuant to the TEC, §28.002(g-1);
(V)  pursuant to the TEC, §28.025(c-3), a student pursuing an arts and humanities endorsement who has the written permission of the student's parent or a person standing in parental relation to the student may substitute a course that is not being used to satisfy another specific graduation requirement selected from:
(i)  Chapter 110 of this title (relating to Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading);
(ii)  Chapter 113 of this title (relating to Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Social Studies) or Chapter 118 of this title (relating to Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Economics with Emphasis on the Free Enterprise System and Its Benefits);
(iii)  Chapter 114 of this title (relating to Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Languages Other Than English); or
(iv)  Chapter 117 of this title (relating to Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Fine Arts); and
(W)  credit may not be earned for both physics and Principles of Technology to satisfy science credit requirements.
(6)  Two additional elective credits that may be selected from the list of courses specified in §74.11(g), (h), or (i) of this title (relating to High School Graduation Requirements).

(f)  A student may earn any of the following endorsements.
(1)  Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). A student may earn a STEM endorsement by completing the requirements specified in subsection (e) of this section, including Algebra II, chemistry, and physics or Principles of Technology and:
(A)  a coherent sequence of courses for four or more credits in career and technical education (CTE) that consists of at least two courses in the same career cluster and at least one advanced CTE course. The courses may be selected from Chapter 130 of this title (relating to Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Career and Technical Education), Chapter 127 of this title (relating to Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Career Development), or CTE innovative courses approved by the commissioner of education. The final course in the sequence must be selected from Chapter 130, Subchapter O, of this title (relating to Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) or Career Preparation I or II and Problems and Solutions in Chapter 127, Subchapter B, of this title if the course addresses a STEM-related field; or
(B)  a coherent sequence of four credits in computer science selected from the following:
(i)  Fundamentals of Computer Science; or
(ii)  Computer Science I; or
(iii)  Computer Science II; or
(iv)  Computer Science III; or
(v)  Digital Forensics; or
(vi)  Discrete Mathematics for Computer Science; or
(vii)  Game Programming and Design; or
(viii)  Mobile Application Development; or
(ix)  Robotics Programming and Design; or
(x)  Independent Studies in Technology Applications; or
(xi)  AP Computer Science; or
(xii)  IB Computer Science, Standard Level; or
(xiii)  IB Computer Science, Higher Level; or
(C)  three credits in mathematics by successfully completing Algebra II and two additional mathematics courses for which Algebra II is a prerequisite by selecting courses from subsection (e)(2) of this section; or
(D)  four credits in science by successfully completing chemistry, physics, and two additional science courses by selecting courses from subsection (e)(5) of this section; or
(E)  in addition to Algebra II, chemistry, and physics, a coherent sequence of three additional credits from no more than two of the categories or disciplines represented by subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) of this paragraph.
(2)  Business and industry. A student may earn a business and industry endorsement by completing the requirements specified in subsection (e) of this section and:
(A)  a coherent sequence of courses for four or more credits in CTE that consists of at least two courses in the same career cluster and at least one advanced CTE course. The courses may be selected from Chapter 130 of this title, Chapter 127 of this title, or CTE innovative courses approved by the commissioner. The final course in the sequence must be selected from one of the following:
(i)  Chapter 130, Subchapter A, of this title (relating to Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources); or
(ii)  Chapter 130, Subchapter B, of this title (relating to Architecture and Construction); or
(iii)  Chapter 130, Subchapter C, of this title (relating to Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communications); or
(iv)  Chapter 130, Subchapter D, of this title (relating to Business Management and Administration); or
(v)  Chapter 130, Subchapter F, of this title (relating to Finance); or
(vi)  Chapter 130, Subchapter I, of this title (relating to Hospitality and Tourism); or
(vii)  Chapter 130, Subchapter K, of this title (relating to Information Technology); or
(viii)  Chapter 130, Subchapter M, of this title (relating to Manufacturing); or
(ix)  Chapter 130, Subchapter N, of this title (relating to Marketing); or
(x)  Chapter 130, Subchapter P, of this title (relating to Transportation, Distribution, and Logistics); or
(xi)  Career Preparation I or II and Problems and Solutions in Chapter 127, Subchapter B, of this title if the course addresses a career from a field listed in clauses (i)-(x) of this subparagraph; or
(B)  four English credits by selecting courses from Chapter 110 of this title to include three levels in one of the following areas:
(i)  public speaking; or
(ii)  debate; or
(iii)  advanced broadcast journalism; or
(iv)  advanced journalism: newspaper; or
(v)  advanced journalism: yearbook; or
(vi)  advanced journalism: literary magazine; or
(C)  four technology applications credits by selecting from the following:
(i)  Digital Design and Media Production; or
(ii)  Digital Art and Animation; or
(iii)  3-D Modeling and Animation; or
(iv)  Digital Communications in the 21st Century; or
(v)  Digital Video and Audio Design; or
(vi)  Web Communications; or
(vii)  Web Design; or
(viii)  Web Game Development; or
(ix)  Independent Study in Evolving/Emerging Technologies; or
(D)  a coherent sequence of four credits from subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of this paragraph.
(3)  Public services. A student may earn a public services endorsement by completing the requirements specified in subsection (e) of this section and:
(A)  a coherent sequence of courses for four or more credits in CTE that consists of at least two courses in the same career cluster and at least one advanced CTE course. The courses may be selected from Chapter 130 of this title, Chapter 127 of this title, or CTE innovative courses approved by the commissioner. The final course in the sequence must be selected from one of the following:
(i)  Chapter 130, Subchapter E, of this title (relating to Education and Training); or
(ii)  Chapter 130, Subchapter G, of this title (relating to Government and Public Administration); or
(iii)  Chapter 130, Subchapter H, of this title (relating to Health Science); or
(iv)  Chapter 130, Subchapter J, of this title (relating to Human Services); or
(v)  Chapter 130, Subchapter L, of this title (relating to Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Security); or
(vi)  Career Preparation I or II and Problems and Solutions in Chapter 127, Subchapter B, of this title if the course addresses a field from a cluster listed in clauses (i)-(v) of this subparagraph; or
(B)  four courses in Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (JROTC).
(4)  Arts and humanities. A student may earn an arts and humanities endorsement by completing the requirements specified in subsection (e) of this section and:
(A)  five social studies credits by selecting courses from Chapter 113 of this title or Chapter 118 of this title (relating to Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Economics with Emphasis on the Free Enterprise System and Its Benefits); or
(B)  four levels of the same language in a language other than English by selecting courses in accordance with Chapter 114 of this title; or
(C)  two levels of the same language in a language other than English and two levels of a different language in a language other than English by selecting courses in accordance with Chapter 114 of this title; or
(D)  four levels of American sign language by selecting courses in accordance with Chapter 114 of this title; or
(E)  a coherent sequence of four credits by selecting courses from one or two categories or disciplines in fine arts from Chapter 117 of this title or innovative courses approved by the commissioner; or
(F)  four English credits by selecting from the following:
(i)  English IV; or
(ii)  Independent Study in English; or
(iii)  Literary Genres; or
(iv)  Creative Writing; or
(v)  Research and Technical Writing; or
(vi)  Humanities; or
(vii)  Communication Applications; or
(viii)  AP English Literature and Composition; or
(ix)  AP English Language and Composition; or
(x)  IB Language Studies A1 Higher Level.
(5)  Multidisciplinary studies. A student may earn a multidisciplinary studies endorsement by completing the requirements specified in subsection (e) of this section and:
(A)  four advanced courses that prepare a student to enter the workforce successfully or postsecondary education without remediation from within one endorsement area or among endorsement areas that are not in a coherent sequence; or
(B)  four credits in each of the four foundation subject areas to include English IV and chemistry and/or physics; or
(C)  four credits in Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, or dual credit selected from English, mathematics, science, social studies, economics, languages other than English, or fine arts.


(g)  A course completed as part of the set of four courses needed to satisfy an endorsement requirement may also satisfy a requirement under §74.12(b) and (c) of this title and subsection (e)(2), (4), (5), and (6) of this section, including an elective requirement. The same course may count as part of the set of four courses for more than one endorsement.


Last Amended:   August 22, 2016, 41 TexReg 5040
Entered:  Aug. 24, 2016