PARENT  
 
Authorities: 42 U.S.C. § 11434a; 34 C.F.R. Parts 99, 300; Texas Education Code; Texas Family Code; 19 T.A.C. Chapter 89
 
 
 
FEDERAL AND STATE REQUIREMENTS CITATIONS
P For an adult student, the local educational agency (LEA) must comply with the ADULT STUDENT AND TRANSFER OF RIGHTS framework.

P For a child who is incarcerated in an adult or juvenile, state or local correctional institution, the LEA must comply with the CHILDREN WHO ARE INCARCERATED framework.

P The LEA must comply with the RECORDS frameworks as applicable.

IDENTIFICATION OF PARENT


P Parent means: 300.30(a)
99.3

P
  • A biological or adoptive parent of the child;
300.30(a)(1)

P
  • A foster parent of the child who meets the requirements specified below;
300.30(a)(2)

P
  • A guardian, but not the state, if the child is a ward of the state;
300.30(a)(3)

P
  • An individual acting in the place of a biological or adoptive parent, including a grandparent, stepparent, or other relative, with whom the child lives, or an individual who is legally responsible for the child's welfare; or
300.30(a)(4)

P
  • An individual assigned to be a surrogate parent.
300.30(a)(5)

REQUIREMENTS FOR FOSTER PARENT TO SERVE AS PARENT


P A foster parent may serve as a parent of a child with a disability if the following criteria are met: TEC 29.015(b)

D
  • The Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) is appointed as the temporary or permanent managing conservator of the child;
TEC 29.015(a)(1)

D
  • The rights and duties of the DFPS to make decisions regarding education provided to the child have not been limited by court order;
TEC 29.015(a)(2)

D
  • The foster parent agrees to participate in making special education decisions on the child's behalf;
TEC 29.015(a)(3)(A)

D
  • The foster parent agrees to complete a TRAINING PROGRAM that complies with the requirements of this framework; and
TEC 29.015(a)(3)(B)
89.1047(a)(1)
89.1047(b)(1)

D
  • The foster parent completes a TRAINING PROGRAM before the next scheduled admission, review, and dismissal committee meeting for the child but not later than the 90th day after the date the foster parent begins acting as the parent for the purpose of making special education decisions.
TEC 29.015(b)

P The LEA may not require a foster parent to retake a training program to continue serving as the child's parent or to serve as the surrogate parent for another child if the foster parent has completed a training program to act as a parent of the child with a disability provided by: TEC 29.015(b-1)

P
  • The DFPS;
TEC 29.015(b-1)(1)

P
  • The LEA;
TEC 29.015(b-1)(2)

P
  • An education service center; or
TEC 29.015(b-1)(3)

P
  • Any other entity that receives federal funds to provide special education training to parents.
TEC 29.015(b-1)(4)

P Not later than the fifth day after the date the child with a disability is enrolled in a school, the DFPS must inform the appropriate LEA if the child's foster parent is unwilling or unable to serve as a parent for the purposes of this framework. TEC 29.015(d)

P The LEA should provide or arrange for the provision of the training program prior to assigning a foster parent to act as a parent but no later than 90 calendar days after assignment. 89.1047(b)(2)

APPOINTMENT OF A SURROGATE PARENT


P The LEA must make reasonable efforts to appoint a surrogate parent not more than 30 days after there is a determination that the child needs a surrogate parent unless, alternatively, the judge overseeing the child's care appoints the surrogate. 300.519(h)
TX Family Code 263.0025

P Unless appointed by the judge overseeing the child's care, the LEA must appoint a surrogate parent whenever: TEC 29.0151(b)
300.519(a)
300.519(c)

D
  • The LEA cannot, after reasonable efforts, identify a parent for the child with a disability;
TEC 29.0151(b)(1)
300.519(a)(1)

D
  • The LEA cannot, after reasonable efforts, locate a parent for the child with a disability;
TEC 29.0151(b)(1)
300.519(a)(2)

D
  • The foster parent of the child is unwilling or unable to serve as a parent for the purposes of this framework;
TEC 29.0151(b)(2)

D
  • The child is a ward of the state; or
300.519(a)(3)

D
  • The child is an unaccompanied homeless youth.
300.519(a)(4)
42 USC 11434a(6)

P The LEA must ensure that a person selected as a surrogate parent is not: TEC 29.0151(c)
300.519(d)(2)

P
  • An employee of the state;
TEC 29.0151(c)(1)

P
  • An employee of the Texas Education Agency;
TEC 29.0151(c)(1)
300.519(d)(2)(i)

P
  • An employee of the LEA;
TEC 29.0151(c)(1)
300.519(d)(2)(i)

P
  • An employee of any other agency that is involved in the education or care of the child; or
TEC 29.0151(c)(1)
300.519(d)(2)(i)

P
  • A person with any interest that conflicts with the interest of the child the surrogate parent represents.
TEC 29.0151(c)(2)
300.519(d)(2)(ii)

P The LEA may appoint a person who has been appointed to serve as the child's guardian ad litem or as a court-certified volunteer advocate, as the child's surrogate parent. TEC 29.0151(e)
TX Family Code 107.031(c)

P The LEA must comply with the statewide plan, by ensuring that a surrogate parent appointed by the LEA: TEC 29.0151(d)
TEC 29.001(10)

P
  • Is willing to serve in that capacity;
TEC 29.0151(d)(1)

P
  • Exercises independent judgment in pursuing the child's interests; 
TEC 29.0151(d)(2)
TEC 29.001(10)(F)

P
  • Ensures that the child's due process rights under applicable state and federal laws are not violated;
TEC 29.0151(d)(3)
TEC 29.001(10)(G)

P
  • Visits the child and the child's school;
TEC 29.0151(d)(5)
TEC 29.001(10)(B)

P
  • Reviews the child's educational records;
TEC 29.0151(d)(6)
TEC 29.001(10)(D)

P
  • Consults with persons involved in the child's education, including teachers, caseworkers, court-appointed volunteers, guardians ad litem, attorneys ad litem, foster parents, and caretakers;
TEC 29.0151(d)(7)
TEC 29.001(10)(C)

P TEC 29.0151(d)(8)
TEC 29.001(10)(E)

P
  • Completes a training program within 90 days of assignment as a surrogate parent.
TEC 29.0151(d)(4)
TEC 29.001(10)(A)
300.519(d)(2)(iii)
89.1047(a)(1)
89.1047(a)(3)
89.1047(a)(4)

COURT APPOINTED SURROGATE FAILURE TO PERFORM DUTIES


P If a court appoints a surrogate parent for the child with a disability, and the LEA determines that the surrogate parent is failing to perform or is not properly performing the duties listed under this framework, the LEA must consult with the DFPS and appoint another person to serve as the surrogate parent for the child. TEC 29.0151(f)
TX Family Code 263.0025

TRAINING PROGRAM


P The required training program must provide the individual with an explanation of the provisions of federal and state laws, rules, and regulations relating to: 89.1047(a)(1)
89.1047(a)(3)
89.1047(a)(4)
TEC 29.001(10)(A)
300.519(d)(2)(iii)

P
  • The identification of the child with a disability as described in the CHILD FIND frameworks;
89.1047(a)(1)(A)

P
  • The collection of evaluation and reevaluation data relating to the child with a disability as described in the EVALUATION frameworks;
89.1047(a)(1)(B)

P 89.1047(a)(1)(C)

P
  • The development of an individualized education program (IEP) and, for the child who is at least 16 years of age, TRANSITION SERVICES;
89.1047(a)(1)(D)

P 89.1047(a)(1)(E)

P 89.1047(a)(1)(F)

P 89.1047(a)(1)(G)

P
  • The sources that the surrogate parent may contact to obtain assistance in understanding the provisions of federal and state laws, rules, and regulations relating to children with disabilities.
89.1047(a)(1)(H)

P The surrogate parent training program must be provided in the native language or other mode of communication used by the individual who is to serve as a surrogate parent. 89.1047(a)(2)

P Once an individual has completed a training program, the individual must not be required by any LEA to complete additional training in order to continue serving as the child's surrogate parent or to serve as the surrogate parent for other children with disabilities. 89.1047(a)(3)

P LEAs may provide ongoing or additional training to surrogate parents and/or parents; however, the LEA cannot deny an individual who has received the required training from serving as a surrogate parent on the grounds that the individual has not been trained. 89.1047(a)(3)

 
 
Last Updated: Thursday, January 25, 2018